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Beyond EJB - Persistence and Client Transactions with Enterprise Java Beans

Beyond EJB - Persistence and Client Transactions with Enterprise Java Beans
  
ABSTRACT
 
Client Transactions

One of the main aspects of the Enterprise Java Beans (EJB) framework is its support for transactions.  Although EJB supports alternative programming styles  for use of transactions, namely declarative and programmatic transactions, EJB's support remains limited. The EJB transaction model is a component-centric model in the sense that transactions are tied to beans (1 bean method = 1 transaction).  It  helps coping with concurrent components, but it lacks support for managing concurrent clients who participate in a transaction.  Client transactions  typically need different and more sophisticated transactional support than is provided by plain EJB transactions. 

In this tutorial we discuss several implementation techniques for client transactions.  All implementations presented in this talk are built on top of EJB transactions. These approaches include client initiated transactions based on JTS/JTA and server-side support for optimistic and pessimistic locking.  Along with the implementation techniques themselves we will discuss performance characteristics and further up- and down-sides of each of the idioms.
 

Persistence

One of the main aspects of the Enterprise Java Beans (EJB) framework is its support for persistency by means of entity beans.  Although entity beans already support several persistence mechanisms (container-managend and bean-managed persistence)  there are further alternative persistence mechanisms in Java, which we discuss in this tutorial. The discussion is motivated by the following observation: 
A common pattern in multi-tier applications is the facade pattern, in which a remotely accessible session bean hides the actual access to persistent data.  In EJB the persistent data is conceptually represented by entity beans.  Entity beans are components, that is, they have support not only for transparent persistency, but also for distribution, transaction control, security and the like. Often the component overhead of entity beans is overkill for the problem at hand.  What is needed in numerous applications is just a persistency mechanism, not a full-blown component model.

In this tutorial we discuss several implementation techniques for persistency in enterprise applications, starting with an evaluation of the EJB persistence model, which comes in two flavors as container-managed and bean-managed persistence.  We compare a data layer consisting of entity beans  to manually coded  database access via JDBC. There are further alternatives in form of relational mapping tools . And last but not least, there is the recently released standard for Java Data Objects (JDO), which is a  Java persistence model that gets a lot of attention in the J2EE community as a potential alternative to entity beans.  We will look into all these   alternative approaches.  Along with the different implementation techniques themselves we will discuss the up- and down-sides of each of the approaches.

 
PREREQUISITES

 
Level: intermediate
Duration: 3 hrs
Prerequisites: Attendants should be familiar with the core concepts of EJB.
Presented at: ROOTS , Bergen, Norway, May 2003

 
  © Copyright 1995-2005 by Angelika Langer.  All Rights Reserved.    URL: < http://www.AngelikaLanger.com/Conferences/Abstracts/BeyondEJB.htm  last update: 7 Nov 2005